Scotland: From the Border Country to the Highlands & Beyond. One (Very) Grand Tour.
Our foray into Scotland begins in Edinburgh—elegant, refined, every street replete with history. Day-trip to Kelso in the Scottish Borders. Then Melrose, Peeblesshire, Hopetoun, Perth, Glamis, Blair Atholl, and Culloden. To Dunrobin Castle in Sutherland. Cruise Loch Ness (monster sighting not guaranteed). Onto Fort William, Loch Awe, Inveraray, Loch Lomond, and finally, Glasgow.
Roman emperors who conquered much of Europe found the ancestors of the Scottish people too fiercely independent to be subdued. Today, in this land of rugged beauty, wind-swept mountains, and deep green valleys, ancient abbeys and remarkable castles bring to mind legends of heroism and honor.
Scotland, United Kingdom
This is a 10-day sample itinerary. Remember that R. Crusoe can create a Scotland journey of any length to meet your exact specifications.
Day 1: United States
• Overnight flight to Scotland.
Overnight in flight
Day 2-3: Edinburgh, Scotland
• Arrive in Edinburgh, leisure time.
• Royal Mile, Edinburgh Castle, Palace of Holyroodhouse, Royal Yacht Britannia.
Overnights in Edinburgh
Day 4: Kelso, Melrose, Edinburgh
• Day-trip through the Borders to Kelso, VIP visit to Duke of Roxburghe Estate.
• Cistercian abbey in Melrose.
• Return to Edinburgh, evening at leisure.
Overnights in Edinburgh
Day 5: Perth, Glamis, Perthshire or Auchterarder
• Drive to Perthshire, Scone Palace.
• Drive to Perth, Glamis Castle.
Overnight in Perthshire or Auchterarder
Day 6: Blair Atholl, Culloden, Inverness
• Blair Castle and House of Bruar.
• Drive to Culloden, historic battle site.
• Gardens and woodlands of Inverness.
Overnight in Inverness
Day 7: Sutherland, Inverness
• Dunrobin Castle and gardens.
• Glenmorangie Distillery tour and tasting.
• Return to Inverness, evening at leisure.
Overnight in Inverness
Day 8: Loch Ness, Fort William or Loch Awe
• Boat ride on Loch Ness, with option for a private boat.
• Hotel check-in and leisure time.
Overnight in Fort William or Loch Awe
Day 9: Inveraray, Loch Lomond, Glasgow
• Inveraray Castle.
• Drive along the shores of Loch Lomond.
• Drive to Glasgow, leisure time, with oprtion for another full day of touring the city.
Overnight in Glasgow
Day 10: Glasgow; United States
• Fly home.
Per person sharing room from $9,490 for this 10-day sample itinerary.
For more information, to book, or to speak to an R. Crusoe & Son tour specialist, please call us at 800-585-8555.
The Battle of Culloden.
In the 1600s and 1700s, a political division cleaved much of Great Britain. There were those subjects who believed that their king ought to have absolute power (Louis XIV of France is a good example of this), and there were others that favored a form of government in which the king ruled with the consensus of a small group of chosen citizens. The final three Stuart kings—Charles I, Charles II, and James II and VII—were for absolutism and against consensual governance. In addition, James (Catholic) was all for religious tolerance, a viewpoint that alarmed Great Britain’s political and religious establishment.
In 1689, William of Orange (Protestant) and his wife Mary, James’s daughter, dethroned King James, who fled to France. The following year, William Prince of Orange and Mary were crowned in London, but King James still had supporters in Great Britain who viewed him as their legitimate monarch. These were the Jacobites—English, Irish, and Scottish subjects who believed that interference with the divine right of kings was illegal. They wanted the Stuarts returned to the British throne.
Fighting between the factions continued for many years. In 1746, Charles Edward Stuart, known as Bonnie Prince Charlie and as the Young Pretender, led the Battle of Culloden (Scotland), the final confrontation of the 1745 Jacobite Uprising. The pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland, he was the grandson of King James II. Charles is best known as the instigator and commander of this unsuccessful insurrection to restore his family to the throne.
Bonnie Prince Charlie arrived in Scotland in 1745 to foment a rebellion of Stuart sympathizers again King George II of Great Britain, a Protestant king who belonged to the House of Hanover. The Jacobites were predominantly Highlanders, volunteers from the many clans who for centuries had inhabited the north of Scotland. They were joined by French fighters, some of them Irishmen who were stationed in France.
The 5,400 Jacobites were an ill-prepared, largely untrained group of soldiers who lacked ample weapons, ammunition, food. There was also an abysmal lack of communications between regiments. On the soggy moors of Culloden, they came face to face with 7,200 government troops—infantry, cavalry, and artillery—well-equipped, well fed, organized, and armed to the teeth. They were led by the 25-year-old Duke of Cumberland.
The Battle of Culloden was short and decisive. Bonnie Prince Charlie inexplicably left his forces arrayed under enemy fire for more than a half hour. During the final minutes of the battle, he was able to escape. The Jacobites suffered 2,000 casualties, the government 300. Days after the defeat at the Battle of Culloden, Bonnie Prince Charlie effectively declared the Jacobites disbanded, and he made his way to first to the Hebrides Islands, then to Skye, and finally to France. According to legend, a woman from the Hebrides, Flora MacDonald, helped him to escape his pursuers disguised as Betty Burke, Flora’s maid (this act earned him the nickname Bonnie Prince Charlie). He never returned to Scotland.
Following its success at Culloden, the throne enacted laws to incorporate Scotland into Great Britain. Clan lords were essentially stripped of their power, and an act of Parliament in 1746 made it illegal for clan tartan to be worn in Scotland except as a uniform of officers and soldiers in the British Army.
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